Filters

API Platform Core provides a generic system to apply filters on collections. Useful filters for the Doctrine ORM and MongoDB ODM are provided with the library. You can also create custom filters that fit your specific needs. You can also add filtering support to your custom data providers by implementing interfaces provided by the library.

By default, all filters are disabled. They must be enabled explicitly.

When a filter is enabled, it is automatically documented as a hydra:search property in the collection response. It also automatically appears in the NelmioApiDoc documentation if it is available.

Doctrine ORM and MongoDB ODM Filters

Basic Knowledge

Filters are services (see the section on custom filters), and they can be linked to a Resource in two ways:

  1. Through the ApiResource declaration, as the filters attribute.

For example having a filter service declaration:

# api/config/services.yaml
services:
    # ...
    offer.date_filter:
        parent: 'api_platform.doctrine.orm.date_filter'
        arguments: [ { dateProperty: ~ } ]
        tags:  [ 'api_platform.filter' ]
        # The following are mandatory only if a _defaults section is defined
        # You may want to isolate filters in a dedicated file to avoid adding them
        autowire: false
        autoconfigure: false
        public: false

We're linking the filter offer.date_filter with the @ApiResource annotation:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;

/**
 * @ApiResource(attributes={"filters"={"offer.date_filter"}})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Alternatively, using YAML:

# api/config/api_platform/resources.yaml
App\Entity\Offer:
    collectionOperations:
        get:
            filters: ['offer.date_filter']
    # ...

Or XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!-- api/config/api_platform/resources.xml -->

<resources xmlns="https://api-platform.com/schema/metadata"
           xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
           xsi:schemaLocation="https://api-platform.com/schema/metadata
           https://api-platform.com/schema/metadata/metadata-2.0.xsd">
    <resource class="App\Entity\Offer">
        <collectionOperations>
            <collectionOperation name="get">
                <attribute name="filters">
                    <attribute>offer.date_filter</attribute>
                </attribute>
            </collectionOperation>
            <!-- ... -->
        </collectionOperations>
    </resource>
</resources>
  1. By using the @ApiFilter annotation.

This annotation automatically declares the service, and you just have to use the filter class you want:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(DateFilter::class, properties={"dateProperty"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Learn more on how the ApiFilter annotation works.

For the sake of consistency, we're using the annotation in the below documentation.

For MongoDB ODM, all the filters are in the namespace ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\MongoDbOdm\Filter. The filter services all begin with api_platform.doctrine_mongodb.odm.

Search Filter

If Doctrine ORM or MongoDB ODM support is enabled, adding filters is as easy as registering a filter service in the api/config/services.yaml file and adding an attribute to your resource configuration.

The search filter supports exact, partial, start, end, and word_start matching strategies:

  • partial strategy uses LIKE %text% to search for fields that contain text.
  • start strategy uses LIKE text% to search for fields that start with text.
  • end strategy uses LIKE %text to search for fields that end with text.
  • word_start strategy uses LIKE text% OR LIKE % text% to search for fields that contain words starting with text.

Prepend the letter i to the filter if you want it to be case insensitive. For example ipartial or iexact. Note that this will use the LOWER function and will impact performance if there is no proper index.

Case insensitivity may already be enforced at the database level depending on the collation used. If you are using MySQL, note that the commonly used utf8_unicode_ci collation (and its sibling utf8mb4_unicode_ci) are already case-insensitive, as indicated by the _ci part in their names.

Note: Search filters with the exact strategy can have multiple values for the same property (in this case the condition will be similar to a SQL IN clause).

Syntax: ?property[]=foo&property[]=bar

In the following example, we will see how to allow the filtering of a list of e-commerce offers:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\SearchFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource()
 * @ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"id": "exact", "price": "exact", "description": "partial"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

http://localhost:8000/api/offers?price=10 will return all offers with a price being exactly 10. http://localhost:8000/api/offers?description=shirt will return all offers with a description containing the word "shirt".

Filters can be combined together: http://localhost:8000/api/offers?price=10&description=shirt

It is possible to filter on relations too, if Offer has a Product relation:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\SearchFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource()
 * @ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"product": "exact"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

With this service definition, it is possible to find all offers belonging to the product identified by a given IRI. Try the following: http://localhost:8000/api/offers?product=/api/products/12. Using a numeric ID is also supported: http://localhost:8000/api/offers?product=12

The above URLs will return all offers for the product having the following IRI as JSON-LD identifier (@id): http://localhost:8000/api/products/12.

Date Filter

The date filter allows to filter a collection by date intervals.

Syntax: ?property[<after|before|strictly_after|strictly_before>]=value

The value can take any date format supported by the \DateTime constructor.

The after and before filters will filter including the value whereas strictly_after and strictly_before will filter excluding the value.

Like others filters, the date filter must be explicitly enabled:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(DateFilter::class, properties={"createdAt"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /offers, you can filter offers by date with the following query: /offers?createdAt[after]=2018-03-19.

It will return all offers where createdAt is superior or equal to 2018-03-19.

Managing null Values

The date filter is able to deal with date properties having null values. Four behaviors are available at the property level of the filter:

Description Strategy to set
Use the default behavior of the DBMS null
Exclude items ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter::EXCLUDE_NULL (exclude_null)
Consider items as oldest ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter::INCLUDE_NULL_BEFORE (include_null_before)
Consider items as youngest ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter::INCLUDE_NULL_AFTER (include_null_after)
Always include items ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter::INCLUDE_NULL_BEFORE_AND_AFTER (include_null_before_and_after)

For instance, exclude entries with a property value of null with the following service definition:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(DateFilter::class, properties={"dateProperty": DateFilter::EXCLUDE_NULL})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Boolean Filter

The boolean filter allows you to search on boolean fields and values.

Syntax: ?property=<true|false|1|0>

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\BooleanFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(BooleanFilter::class, properties={"isAvailableGenericallyInMyCountry"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /offers, you can filter offers with the following query: /offers?isAvailableGenericallyInMyCountry=true.

It will return all offers where isAvailableGenericallyInMyCountry equals true.

Numeric Filter

The numeric filter allows you to search on numeric fields and values.

Syntax: ?property=<int|bigint|decimal...>

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\NumericFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(NumericFilter::class, properties={"sold"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /offers, you can filter offers with the following query: /offers?sold=1.

It will return all offers with sold equals 1.

Range Filter

The range filter allows you to filter by a value lower than, greater than, lower than or equal, greater than or equal and between two values.

Syntax: ?property[<lt|gt|lte|gte|between>]=value

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\RangeFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(RangeFilter::class, properties={"price"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /offers, you can filter the price with the following query: /offers?price[between]=12.99..15.99.

It will return all offers with price between 12.99 and 15.99.

You can filter offers by joining two values, for example: /offers?price[gt]=12.99&price[lt]=19.99.

Exists Filter

The exists filter allows you to select items based on a nullable field value.

Syntax: ?property[exists]=<true|false|1|0>

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\ExistsFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(ExistsFilter::class, properties={"transportFees"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /offers, you can filter offers on nullable field with the following query: /offers?transportFees[exists]=true.

It will return all offers where transportFees is not null.

Order Filter (Sorting)

The order filter allows to sort a collection against the given properties.

Syntax: ?order[property]=<asc|desc>

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"id", "name"}, arguments={"orderParameterName"="order"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /offers, you can filter offers by name in ascending order and then by ID in descending order with the following query: /offers?order[name]=desc&order[id]=asc.

By default, whenever the query does not specify the direction explicitly (e.g.: /offers?order[name]&order[id]), filters will not be applied unless you configure a default order direction to use:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"id": "ASC", "name": "DESC"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Comparing with Null Values

When the property used for ordering can contain null values, you may want to specify how null values are treated in the comparison:

Description Strategy to set
Use the default behavior of the DBMS null
Consider items as smallest ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter::NULLS_SMALLEST (nulls_smallest)
Consider items as largest ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter::NULLS_LARGEST (nulls_largest)

For instance, treat entries with a property value of null as the smallest, with the following service definition:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"validFrom": { "nulls_comparison": OrderFilter::NULLS_SMALLEST, "default_direction": "DESC" }})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Using a Custom Order Query Parameter Name

A conflict will occur if order is also the name of a property with the search filter enabled. Luckily, the query parameter name to use is configurable:

# api/config/packages/api_platform.yaml
api_platform:
    collection:
        order_parameter_name: '_order' # the URL query parameter to use is now "_order"

Filtering on Nested Properties

Sometimes, you need to be able to perform filtering based on some linked resources (on the other side of a relation). All built-in filters support nested properties using the dot (.) syntax, e.g.:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\SearchFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"product.releaseDate"})
 * @ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"product.color": "exact"})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

The above allows you to find offers by their respective product's color: http://localhost:8000/api/offers?product.color=red, or order offers by the product's release date: http://localhost:8000/api/offers?order[product.releaseDate]=desc

Enabling a Filter for All Properties of a Resource

As we have seen in previous examples, properties where filters can be applied must be explicitly declared. If you don't care about security and performance (e.g. an API with restricted access), it is also possible to enable built-in filters for all properties:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\OrderFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class)
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Note: Filters on nested properties must still be enabled explicitly, in order to keep things sane.

Regardless of this option, filters can be applied on a property only if:

  • the property exists
  • the value is supported (ex: asc or desc for the order filters).

It means that the filter will be silently ignored if the property:

  • does not exist
  • is not enabled
  • has an invalid value

Elasticsearch Filters

Ordering Filter (Sorting)

The order filter allows to sort a collection against the given properties.

Syntax: ?order[property]=<asc|desc>

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Model/Tweet.php

namespace App\Model;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\OrderFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"id", "date"}, arguments={"orderParameterName"="order"})
 */
class Tweet
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /tweets, you can filter tweets by id and date in ascending or descending order: /tweets?order[id]=asc&order[date]=desc.

By default, whenever the query does not specify the direction explicitly (e.g: /tweets?order[id]&order[date]), filters will not be applied unless you configure a default order direction to use:

<?php
// api/src/Model/Tweet.php

namespace App\Model;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\OrderFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"id"="asc", "date"="desc"})
 */
class Tweet
{
    // ...
}

Using a Custom Order Query Parameter Name

A conflict will occur if order is also the name of a property with the term filter enabled. Luckily, the query parameter name to use is configurable:

# api/config/packages/api_platform.yaml
api_platform:
    collection:
        order_parameter_name: '_order' # the URL query parameter to use is now "_order"

Match Filter

The match filter allows to find resources that match the specified text on full text fields.

Syntax: ?property[]=value

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Model/Tweet.php

namespace App\Model;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\MatchFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(MatchFilter::class, properties={"message"})
 */
class Tweet
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /tweets, you can filter tweets by message content.

/tweets?message=Hello%20World will return all tweets that match the text Hello World.

Term Filter

The term filter allows to find resources that contain the exact specified terms.

Syntax: ?property[]=value

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Model/User.php

namespace App\Model;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\TermFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(TermFilter::class, properties={"gender", "age"})
 */
class User
{
    // ...
}

Given that the collection endpoint is /users, you can filter users by gender and age.

/users?gender=female will return all users whose gender is female. /users?age=42 will return all users whose age is 42.

Filters can be combined together: /users?gender=female&age=42.

Filtering on Nested Properties

Sometimes, you need to be able to perform filtering based on some linked resources (on the other side of a relation). All built-in filters support nested properties using the (.) syntax.

<?php
// api/src/Model/Tweet.php

namespace App\Model;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\OrderFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\TermFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(OrderFilter::class, properties={"author.firstName"})
 * @ApiFilter(TermFilter::class, properties={"author.gender"})
 */
class Tweet
{
    // ...
}

The above allows you to find tweets by their respective author's gender /tweets?author.gender=male, or order tweets by the author's first name /tweets?order[author.firstName]=desc.

Serializer Filters

Group Filter

The group filter allows you to filter by serialization groups.

Syntax: ?groups[]=<group>

You can add as many groups as you need.

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Book.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Serializer\Filter\GroupFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(GroupFilter::class, arguments={"parameterName": "groups", "overrideDefaultGroups": false, "whitelist": {"allowed_group"}})
 */
class Book
{
    // ...
}

Three arguments are available to configure the filter:

  • parameterName is the query parameter name (default groups)
  • overrideDefaultGroups allows to override the default serialization groups (default false)
  • whitelist groups whitelist to avoid uncontrolled data exposure (default null to allow all groups)

Given that the collection endpoint is /books, you can filter by serialization groups with the following query: /books?groups[]=read&groups[]=write.

Property filter

The property filter adds the possibility to select the properties to serialize (sparse fieldsets).

Syntax: ?properties[]=<property>&properties[<relation>][]=<property>

You can add as many properties as you need.

Enable the filter:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Book.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Serializer\Filter\PropertyFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(PropertyFilter::class, arguments={"parameterName": "properties", "overrideDefaultProperties": false, "whitelist": {"allowed_property"}})
 */
class Book
{
    // ...
}

Three arguments are available to configure the filter:

  • parameterName is the query parameter name (default properties)
  • overrideDefaultProperties allows to override the default serialization properties (default false)
  • whitelist properties whitelist to avoid uncontrolled data exposure (default null to allow all properties)

Given that the collection endpoint is /books, you can filter the serialization properties with the following query: /books?properties[]=title&properties[]=author. If you want to include some properties of the nested "author" document, use: /books?properties[]=title&properties[author][]=name.

Creating Custom Filters

Custom filters can be written by implementing the ApiPlatform\Core\Api\FilterInterface interface.

API Platform provides a convenient way to create Doctrine ORM and MongoDB ODM filters. If you use custom data providers, you can still create filters by implementing the previously mentioned interface, but - as API Platform isn't aware of your persistence system's internals - you have to create the filtering logic by yourself.

Creating Custom Doctrine ORM Filters

Doctrine ORM filters have access to the context created from the HTTP request and to the QueryBuilder instance used to retrieve data from the database. They are only applied to collections. If you want to deal with the DQL query generated to retrieve items, extensions are the way to go.

A Doctrine ORM filter is basically a class implementing the ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\FilterInterface. API Platform includes a convenient abstract class implementing this interface and providing utility methods: ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\AbstractFilter.

In the following example, we create a class to filter a collection by applying a regexp to a property. The REGEXP DQL function used in this example can be found in the DoctrineExtensions library. This library must be properly installed and registered to use this example (works only with MySQL).

<?php
// api/src/Filter/RegexpFilter.php

namespace App\Filter;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\AbstractContextAwareFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Util\QueryNameGeneratorInterface;
use Doctrine\ORM\QueryBuilder;

final class RegexpFilter extends AbstractContextAwareFilter
{
    protected function filterProperty(string $property, $value, QueryBuilder $queryBuilder, QueryNameGeneratorInterface $queryNameGenerator, string $resourceClass, string $operationName = null)
    {
        // otherwise filter is applied to order and page as well
        if (
            !$this->isPropertyEnabled($property, $resourceClass) ||
            !$this->isPropertyMapped($property, $resourceClass)
        ) {
            return;
        }

        $parameterName = $queryNameGenerator->generateParameterName($property); // Generate a unique parameter name to avoid collisions with other filters
        $queryBuilder
            ->andWhere(sprintf('REGEXP(o.%s, :%s) = 1', $property, $parameterName))
            ->setParameter($parameterName, $value);
    }

    // This function is only used to hook in documentation generators (supported by Swagger and Hydra)
    public function getDescription(string $resourceClass): array
    {
        if (!$this->properties) {
            return [];
        }

        $description = [];
        foreach ($this->properties as $property => $strategy) {
            $description["regexp_$property"] = [
                'property' => $property,
                'type' => 'string',
                'required' => false,
                'swagger' => [
                    'description' => 'Filter using a regex. This will appear in the Swagger documentation!',
                    'name' => 'Custom name to use in the Swagger documentation',
                    'type' => 'Will appear below the name in the Swagger documentation',
                ],
            ];
        }

        return $description;
    }
}

Then, register this filter as a service:

# api/config/services.yaml
services:
    # ...
    'App\Filter\RegexpFilter':
        # Uncomment only if autoconfiguration isn't enabled
        #tags: [ 'api_platform.filter' ]

In the previous example, the filter can be applied on any property. However, thanks to the AbstractFilter class, it can also be enabled for some properties:

# api/config/services.yaml
services:
    'App\Filter\RegexpFilter':
        arguments: [ '@doctrine', ~, '@?logger', { email: ~, anOtherProperty: ~ } ]
        # Uncomment only if autoconfiguration isn't enabled
        #tags: [ 'api_platform.filter' ]

Finally, add this filter to resources you want to be filtered:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use App\Filter\RegexpFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource(attributes={"filters"={RegexpFilter::class}})
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

Or by using the ApiFilter annotation:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Offer.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use App\Filter\RegexpFilter;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ApiFilter(RegexpFilter::class)
 */
class Offer
{
    // ...
}

When using ApiFilter annotation, the declared properties in the services.yaml will not be taken into account. You have to use the ApiFilter way (see the documentation).

Finally you can use this filter in the URL like http://example.com/offers?regexp_email=^[FOO]. This new filter will also appear in Swagger and Hydra documentations.

Creating Custom Doctrine MongoDB ODM Filters

Doctrine MongoDB ODM filters have access to the context created from the HTTP request and to the aggregation builder instance used to retrieve data from the database and to execute complex operations on data. They are only applied to collections. If you want to deal with the aggregation pipeline generated to retrieve items, extensions are the way to go.

A Doctrine MongoDB ODM filter is basically a class implementing the ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\MongoDbOdm\Filter\FilterInterface. API Platform includes a convenient abstract class implementing this interface and providing utility methods: ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\MongoDbOdm\Filter\AbstractFilter.

Creating Custom Elasticsearch Filters

Elasticsearch filters have access to the context created from the HTTP request and to the Elasticsearch query clause. They are only applied to collections. If you want to deal with the query DSL through the search request body, extensions are the way to go.

Existing Elasticsearch filters are applied through a constant score query. A constant score query filter is basically a class implementing the ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\ConstantScoreFilterInterface and the ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\FilterInterface. API Platform includes a convenient abstract class implementing this last interface and providing utility methods: ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Filter\AbstractFilter.

Suppose you want to use the match filter on a property named $fullName and you want to add the and operator to your query:

<?php
// api/src/ElasticSearch/AndOperatorFilterExtension.php

namespace App\ElasticSearch;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Elasticsearch\DataProvider\Extension\RequestBodySearchCollectionExtensionInterface;

class AndOperatorFilterExtension implements RequestBodySearchCollectionExtensionInterface
{
    public function applyToCollection(array $requestBody, string $resourceClass, ?string $operationName = null, array $context = []): array
    {
        $requestBody['query'] = $requestBody['query'] ?? [];
        $andQuery = [
            'query' => $context['filters']['fullName'],
            'operator' => 'and',
        ];
        
        $requestBody['query']['constant_score']['filter']['bool']['must'][0]['match']['full_name'] = $andQuery;
        
        return $requestBody;
    }
}

Using Doctrine ORM Filters

Doctrine ORM features a filter system that allows the developer to add SQL to the conditional clauses of queries, regardless of the place where the SQL is generated (e.g. from a DQL query, or by loading associated entities). These are applied on collections and items and therefore are incredibly useful.

The following information, specific to Doctrine filters in Symfony, is based upon a great article posted on Michaël Perrin's blog.

Suppose we have a User entity and an Order entity related to the User one. A user should only see his orders and no one else's.

<?php
// api/src/Entity/User.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 */
class User
{
    // ...
}
<?php
// api/src/Entity/Order.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 */
class Order
{
    // ...

    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToOne(targetEntity="User")
     * @ORM\JoinColumn(name="user_id", referencedColumnName="id")
     **/
    public $user;
    
    // ...
}

The whole idea is that any query on the order table should add a WHERE user_id = :user_id condition.

Start by creating a custom annotation to mark restricted entities:

<?php
// api/Annotation/UserAware.php

namespace App\Annotation;

use Doctrine\Common\Annotations\Annotation;

/**
 * @Annotation
 * @Target("CLASS")
 */
final class UserAware
{
    public $userFieldName;
}

Then, let's mark the Order entity as a "user aware" entity.

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Order.php

namespace App\Entity;

use App\Annotation\UserAware;

/**
 * @UserAware(userFieldName="user_id")
 */
class Order {
    // ...
}

Now, create a Doctrine filter class:

<?php
// api/src/Filter/UserFilter.php

namespace App\Filter;

use App\Annotation\UserAware;
use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping\ClassMetaData;
use Doctrine\ORM\Query\Filter\SQLFilter;
use Doctrine\Common\Annotations\Reader;

final class UserFilter extends SQLFilter
{
    private $reader;

    public function addFilterConstraint(ClassMetadata $targetEntity, string $targetTableAlias): string
    {
        if (null === $this->reader) {
            throw new \RuntimeException(sprintf('An annotation reader must be provided. Be sure to call "%s::setAnnotationReader()".', __CLASS__));
        }

        // The Doctrine filter is called for any query on any entity
        // Check if the current entity is "user aware" (marked with an annotation)
        $userAware = $this->reader->getClassAnnotation($targetEntity->getReflectionClass(), UserAware::class);
        if (!$userAware) {
            return '';
        }

        $fieldName = $userAware->userFieldName;
        try {
            // Don't worry, getParameter automatically escapes parameters
            $userId = $this->getParameter('id');
        } catch (\InvalidArgumentException $e) {
            // No user id has been defined
            return '';
        }

        if (empty($fieldName) || empty($userId)) {
            return '';
        }

        return sprintf('%s.%s = %s', $targetTableAlias, $fieldName, $userId);
    }

    public function setAnnotationReader(Reader $reader): void
    {
        $this->reader = $reader;
    }
}

Now, we must configure the Doctrine filter.

# api/config/packages/api_platform.yaml
doctrine:
    orm:
        filters:
            user_filter:
                class: App\Filter\UserFilter

Add a listener for every request that initializes the Doctrine filter with the current user in your bundle services declaration file.

# api/config/services.yaml
services:
    # ...
    'App\EventListener\UserFilterConfigurator':
        tags:
            - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.request, priority: 5 }
        # Autoconfiguration must be disabled to set a custom priority
        autoconfigure: false

It's key to set the priority higher than the ApiPlatform\Core\EventListener\ReadListener's priority, as flagged in this issue, as otherwise the PaginatorExtension will ignore the Doctrine filter and return incorrect totalItems and page (first/last/next) data.

Lastly, implement the configurator class:

<?php
// api/EventListener/UserFilterConfigurator.php

namespace App\EventListener;

use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\UserInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\Authentication\Token\Storage\TokenStorageInterface;
use Doctrine\ORM\EntityManagerInterface;
use Doctrine\Common\Annotations\Reader;

final class UserFilterConfigurator
{
    private $em;
    private $tokenStorage;
    private $reader;

    public function __construct(EntityManagerInterface $em, TokenStorageInterface $tokenStorage, Reader $reader)
    {
        $this->em = $em;
        $this->tokenStorage = $tokenStorage;
        $this->reader = $reader;
    }

    public function onKernelRequest(): void
    {
        if (!$user = $this->getUser()) {
            throw new \RuntimeException('There is no authenticated user.');
        }

        $filter = $this->em->getFilters()->enable('user_filter');
        $filter->setParameter('id', $user->getId());
        $filter->setAnnotationReader($this->reader);
    }

    private function getUser(): ?UserInterface
    {
        if (!$token = $this->tokenStorage->getToken()) {
            return null;
        }

        $user = $token->getUser();
        return $user instanceof UserInterface ? $user : null;
    }
}

Done: Doctrine will automatically filter all "UserAware" entities!

ApiFilter Annotation

The annotation can be used on a property or on a class.

If the annotation is given over a property, the filter will be configured on the property. For example, let's add a search filter on name and on the prop property of the colors relation:

<?php

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\SearchFilter;
use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 */
class DummyCar
{
    /**
     * @ORM\Id
     * @ORM\GeneratedValue
     * @ORM\Column(type="integer")
     */
    private $id;

    /**
     * @ORM\Column(type="string")
     * @ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, strategy="partial")
     */
    public $name;

    /**
     * @ORM\OneToMany(targetEntity="DummyCarColor", mappedBy="car")
     * @ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"colors.prop": "ipartial"})
     */
    public $colors;

    // ...
}

On the first property, name, it's straightforward. The first annotation argument is the filter class, the second specifies options, here, the strategy:

@ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, strategy="partial")

In the second annotation, we specify properties on which the filter should apply. It's necessary here because we don't want to filter colors but the prop property of the colors association. Note that for each given property we specify the strategy:

@ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"colors.prop": "ipartial"})

The ApiFilter annotation can be set on the class as well. If you don't specify any properties, it'll act on every property of the class.

For example, let's define three data filters (DateFilter, SearchFilter and BooleanFilter) and two serialization filters (PropertyFilter and GroupFilter) on our DummyCar class:

<?php
// api/src/Entity/DummyCar.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Annotation\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\BooleanFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\DateFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Bridge\Doctrine\Orm\Filter\SearchFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Serializer\Filter\GroupFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Core\Serializer\Filter\PropertyFilter;
use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;

/**
 * @ApiResource
 * @ORM\Entity
 * @ApiFilter(BooleanFilter::class)
 * @ApiFilter(DateFilter::class, strategy=DateFilter::EXCLUDE_NULL)
 * @ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"colors.prop": "ipartial", "name": "partial"})
 * @ApiFilter(PropertyFilter::class, arguments={"parameterName": "foobar"})
 * @ApiFilter(GroupFilter::class, arguments={"parameterName": "foobargroups"})
 */
class DummyCar
{
    // ...
}

The BooleanFilter is applied to every Boolean property of the class. Indeed, in each core filter we check the Doctrine type. It's written only by using the filter class:

@ApiFilter(BooleanFilter::class)

The DateFilter given here will be applied to every Date property of the DummyCar class with the DateFilter::EXCLUDE_NULL strategy:

@ApiFilter(DateFilter::class, strategy=DateFilter::EXCLUDE_NULL)

The SearchFilter here adds properties. The result is the exact same as the example with annotations on properties:

@ApiFilter(SearchFilter::class, properties={"colors.prop": "ipartial", "name": "partial"})

Note that you can specify the properties argument on every filter.

The next filters are not related to how the data is fetched but rather to how the serialization is done on those. We can give an arguments option (see here for the available arguments):

@ApiFilter(PropertyFilter::class, arguments={"parameterName": "foobar"})
@ApiFilter(GroupFilter::class, arguments={"parameterName": "foobargroups"})