User Entity

This documentation is based on the official Symfony Documentation with some API Platform integrations.

Creating the Entity and Repository

You can follow the official Symfony Documentation and add the API Platform attributes (e.g. #[ApiResource]) by your own, or just use the following entity file and modify it to your needs:

<?php
# api/src/Entity/User.php

namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Metadata\ApiFilter;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\ApiProperty;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\ApiResource;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\Delete;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\Get;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\GetCollection;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\Patch;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\Post;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\Put;
use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;
use App\Repository\UserRepository;
use App\State\UserPasswordHasher;
use Symfony\Bridge\Doctrine\Validator\Constraints\UniqueEntity;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\PasswordAuthenticatedUserInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\UserInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Serializer\Annotation\Groups;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;

#[ApiResource(
    operations: [
        new GetCollection(),
        new Post(processor: UserPasswordHasher::class, validationContext: ['groups' => ['user:create']]),
        new Get(),
        new Put(processor: UserPasswordHasher::class),
        new Patch(processor: UserPasswordHasher::class),
        new Delete(),
    ],
    normalizationContext: ['groups' => ['user:read']],
    denormalizationContext: ['groups' => ['user:create', 'user:update']],
)]
#[ORM\Entity(repositoryClass: UserRepository::class)]
#[ORM\Table(name: '`user`')]
#[UniqueEntity('email')]
class User implements UserInterface, PasswordAuthenticatedUserInterface
{
    #[Groups(['user:read'])]
    #[ORM\Id]
    #[ORM\Column(type: 'integer')]
    #[ORM\GeneratedValue]
    private ?int $id = null;

    #[Assert\NotBlank]
    #[Assert\Email]
    #[Groups(['user:read', 'user:create', 'user:update'])]
    #[ORM\Column(length: 180, unique: true)]
    private ?string $email = null;

    #[ORM\Column]
    private ?string $password = null;

    #[Assert\NotBlank(groups: ['user:create'])]
    #[Groups(['user:create', 'user:update'])]
    private ?string $plainPassword = null;

    #[ORM\Column(type: 'json')]
    private array $roles = [];

    public function getId(): ?int
    {
        return $this->id;
    }

    public function getEmail(): ?string
    {
        return $this->email;
    }

    public function setEmail(string $email): self
    {
        $this->email = $email;

        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * @see PasswordAuthenticatedUserInterface
     */
    public function getPassword(): string
    {
        return $this->password;
    }

    public function setPassword(string $password): self
    {
        $this->password = $password;

        return $this;
    }

    public function getPlainPassword(): ?string
    {
        return $this->plainPassword;
    }

    public function setPlainPassword(?string $plainPassword): self
    {
        $this->plainPassword = $plainPassword;

        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * @see UserInterface
     */
    public function getRoles(): array
    {
        $roles = $this->roles;

        $roles[] = 'ROLE_USER';

        return array_unique($roles);
    }

    public function setRoles(array $roles): self
    {
        $this->roles = $roles;

        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * A visual identifier that represents this user.
     *
     * @see UserInterface
     */
    public function getUserIdentifier(): string
    {
        return (string) $this->email;
    }

    /**
     * @see UserInterface
     */
    public function eraseCredentials(): void
    {
        $this->plainPassword = null;
    }
}

The repository is same as generated by Symfony. For completeness:

<?php
# api/src/Repository/UserRepository.php

namespace App\Repository;

use Doctrine\Bundle\DoctrineBundle\Repository\ServiceEntityRepository;
use Doctrine\Persistence\ManagerRegistry;
use App\Entity\User;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\Exception\UnsupportedUserException;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\PasswordAuthenticatedUserInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\PasswordUpgraderInterface;

/**
 * @extends ServiceEntityRepository<User>
 *
 * @method User|null find($id, $lockMode = null, $lockVersion = null)
 * @method User|null findOneBy(array $criteria, array $orderBy = null)
 * @method User[]    findAll()
 * @method User[]    findBy(array $criteria, array $orderBy = null, $limit = null, $offset = null)
 */
class UserRepository extends ServiceEntityRepository implements PasswordUpgraderInterface
{
    public function __construct(ManagerRegistry $registry)
    {
        parent::__construct($registry, User::class);
    }

    public function save(User $entity, bool $flush = false): void
    {
        $this->getEntityManager()->persist($entity);

        if ($flush) {
            $this->getEntityManager()->flush();
        }
    }

    public function remove(User $entity, bool $flush = false): void
    {
        $this->getEntityManager()->remove($entity);

        if ($flush) {
            $this->getEntityManager()->flush();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Used to upgrade (rehash) the user's password automatically over time.
     */
    public function upgradePassword(PasswordAuthenticatedUserInterface $user, string $newHashedPassword): void
    {
        if (!$user instanceof User) {
            throw new UnsupportedUserException(sprintf('Instances of "%s" are not supported.', \get_class($user)));
        }

        $user->setPassword($newHashedPassword);

        $this->save($user, true);
    }
}

Creating and Updating User Password

There's no built-in way for hashing the plain password on POST, PUT or PATCH. Happily you can use the API Platform state processors for auto-hashing plain passwords.

First create a new state processor:

<?php
# api/src/State/UserPasswordHasher.php

namespace App\State;

use ApiPlatform\Metadata\Operation;
use ApiPlatform\State\ProcessorInterface;
use Symfony\Component\PasswordHasher\Hasher\UserPasswordHasherInterface;

final class UserPasswordHasher implements ProcessorInterface
{
    public function __construct(private readonly ProcessorInterface $processor, private readonly UserPasswordHasherInterface $passwordHasher)
    {
    }

    public function process($data, Operation $operation, array $uriVariables = [], array $context = [])
    {
        if (!$data->getPlainPassword()) {
            return $this->processor->process($data, $operation, $uriVariables, $context);
        }

        $hashedPassword = $this->passwordHasher->hashPassword(
            $data,
            $data->getPlainPassword()
        );
        $data->setPassword($hashedPassword);
        $data->eraseCredentials();

        return $this->processor->process($data, $operation, $uriVariables, $context);
    }
}

Then bind it to the ORM persist processor:

# api/config/services.yaml

    App\State\UserPasswordHasher:
        bind:
            $processor: '@api_platform.doctrine.orm.state.persist_processor'

You may have wondered about the following lines in our entity file we created before:

    operations: [
        ...
        new Post(processor: UserPasswordHasher::class),
        new Put(processor: UserPasswordHasher::class),
        new Patch(processor: UserPasswordHasher::class),
        ...
    ],

This just means we want to run the new created state processor to these specific operations. So we're done. Create a new user, change the password and enjoy!

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