Api Platform Conference

The conference dedicated to API Platform and its ecosystem

Sep 15, 16 2022 | Lille & online

Using External Vocabularies

JSON-LD allows to define classes and properties of your API with open vocabularies such as Schema.org and Good Relations.

API Platform provides annotations usable on PHP classes and properties for specifying a related external IRI.

<?php
// api/src/Entity/Book.php
namespace App\Entity;

use ApiPlatform\Metadata\ApiProperty;
use ApiPlatform\Metadata\ApiResource;

#[ApiResource(types: ['https://schema.org/Book'])]
class Book
{
    // ...

    #[ApiProperty(types: ['https://schema.org/name'])]
    public $name;
    
    // ...
}

The generated JSON for products and the related context document will now use external IRIs according to the specified annotations:

GET /books/22

{
  "@context": "/contexts/Book",
  "@id": "/books/22",
  "@type": "https://schema.org/Book",
  "name": "My awesome book"
}

GET /contexts/Book

{
  "@context": {
    "@vocab": "http://example.com/apidoc#",
    "hydra": "http://www.w3.org/ns/hydra/core#",
    "name": "https://schema.org/name"
  }
}

An extended list of existing open vocabularies is available on the Linked Open Vocabularies (LOV) database.

By default, when using validations API Platform will try to define known Schema.org types as IRIs for your properties if you did not provide any in your #[ApiProperty] annotations. Built-in mapping is:

Constraints Schema.org type
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Url https://schema.org/url
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Email https://schema.org/email
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Uuid https://schema.org/identifier
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\CardScheme https://schema.org/identifier
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Bic https://schema.org/identifier
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Iban https://schema.org/identifier
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Date https://schema.org/Date
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\DateTime https://schema.org/DateTime
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Time https://schema.org/Time
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Image https://schema.org/image
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\File https://schema.org/MediaObject
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Currency https://schema.org/priceCurrency
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Isbn https://schema.org/isbn
Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Issn https://schema.org/issn

What' new?

API platform conference 2022

Sep 15,16 2022: new edition of our conference dedicated to API Platform and its ecosystem!